History, Traditions, and Local Lore
The new frontier of Holmes County.
A meander through the forests and sandstone-pocked ridges of Glenmont might give you a vision of this place when it was the frontier of America. Imagine the trees twice as round and opossums living as lords of the land. But by the 1780s conflict had erupted. America’s expansion across the Ohio Northwest Territory pressured indigenous groups of Wyandotte, Delaware, Shawnee, and others. French and British troops fueled battles across the area as Native American groups resisted the pioneers’ re-settlement of this fertile land rich in waterways. Yet, these native groups lacked the weapons and tactics to succeed.
Amish Country History
The first Anabaptists arrived in Ohio in the early 1800’s. It is said that the rolling hills of eastern Holmes County reminded these immigrants of homelands in Switzerland, although most had started their journey from Pennsylvania. The most notable of these early settlers is Jonas Stutzman, “Der Weiss.” Stutzman settled near present-day Walnut Creek in 1809, where he began one of the first sawmills. His reputation as “Der Weiss,” translated as “the white,” developed later in his life. Stutzman predicted the return of Christ, built and carried an oversized chair for Christ to sit in judgment, and wore white to symbolize his own purity.